A vacuum pump can be defined as a mechanical device that’s used to create or form a vacuum by removing the gas molecules out of a sealed volume. Vacuum pumps have been greatly adopted into the chemical, gas, and oil processing industries. This has resulted in increased demand for vacuum pumps globally.
The vacuum pumps global market as of 2019 was valued to be $2.63 billion US dollars. The same is projected to have a steady rise to a value of 3.52 billion US dollars by the year 2025. It is expected to register a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 6.1% for the period between 2020 and 2025. This goes to show that vacuum pumps are a high-value product in the global market.
In the past years, vacuum pumps were mostly used in applications like Cathode-ray Tubes (CRTs), refrigerators, and in the food packaging industry. There has, however, been an increase in demand in other diverse industries like power generation, electronics, and medical, all of which are targeting to venture into the use of vacuum pumps in the years to come.
Why Vacuum Pumps Have Had A High Demand
This high demand has been as a result of the different operations that are carried out in these industries which cause a lot of corrosion owing to the continuous exposure to different harsh environments. These industries have set up regulations that require the industry players to use vacuum pumps in a bid to control the corrosion problem.
Vacuum pumps also come in handy during the process of production of semiconductor equipment. The demand for the semiconductor integrated circuit market is being powered by smartphones among other applications in the electronics and the automotive sector.
The growing popularity of the Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technology In the vacuum pumps industry is projected to stretch the market to higher limits. MEMS technology has a vast range of applications that cut across different market settings, particularly in the consumer electronics sector like video gaming systems, smartphones, and tablets.
The hydropower sector takes up 21% of the entire world’s capacity for generating electricity. The Center For Climate and Energy Solutions projects that the global hydropower’s potential is 2,800 GW which is four times more than the amount that is used on a daily basis.
This has therefore resulted in the vast adoption of the liquid ring pumps being used in the hydropower generation industry owing to its high level of efficiency, durability, and reliability when performing heavy-duty tasks.
Moreover, the growth in urbanization in areas like Latin America and Asia has led to denser populations. This has increased the demand for clean drinking water, proper food processing and packing solutions, and safer waste disposal systems.
This high population rise has triggered the need for better pumping solutions. As such, manufacturers who develop vacuum pumps have been tasked with the need to improve their technology in a bid to meet the rising demand.
So What Are The Latest Technologies In Vacuum Pumps?
Based on the available types, vacuum pumps are divided into five different categories namely:
1. The Diaphragm vacuum pumps
These pumps have a high resistance to chemicals and corrosion. They are majorly used for products that are acidic and corrosive.
These pumps are mostly used in industries such as food, cosmetics, and other chemical using fields.
2. The Turbomolecular Vacuum Pumps
Turbomolecular vacuum pumps do not use oil. They are therefore clean pumps. These pumps are suitable for ultrahigh vacuum applications like laboratory analysis and analytical instrumentation.
3. The Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps
These vacuum pumps operate by providing a centrifuged liquid on the walls of the pump resulting in a liquid ring that maintains the airtightness of the pump.
4. The Rotary Vane Vacuum Pumps
These vacuum pumps are quite small and very compact. They are able to reach a rough vacuum level. They are super effective for high boiling solvents. Vapors are captured before coming into contact with the pump.
5. The Dry vacuum pumps
These are vacuum pumps that have no oil. They, therefore, do not contaminate products through lubrication. They are highly recommended for use in the agri-food industry.
Out of these 5 categories, the dry vacuum pumps and the liquid ring pumps are top on the market securing the bigger portion of the market share in terms of sales. The fast growth in the semiconductor industry has led to the rapid demand for dry vacuum pumps. As for the liquid ring pumps, their widespread use is in the gas and oil as well as the pulp and paper industries.
In a bid to minimize the operation cost that incurred, there has been a spike in the demand for high vacuum quality energy-efficient pumps, hence the growth in popularity and preference of dry vacuum pumps.
Vacuum pumps are available in a wide scope in different varieties. You can check out the latest vacuum pump technology and make a selection based on your industry and need.