What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Double System of Accounting?

| Updated on March 27, 2024

Have you been wondering what is a double-entry system of accounting every time your accountant mentions it? Well, don’t worry, we will clarify it for you. 

A double-entry bookkeeping system is where a company’s accounts are kept using two sets of books. The first set of books shows the company’s assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity. The second set of books shows the income and expenses of the company.

In this system, a transaction is recorded in at least two accounts to prevent errors and fraud. The accounting system began as a series of documents. With the advent of computers, accounting software has become the primary method for recording transactions. This accounting system helps small businesses and big enterprises to keep track of their finances. 


Example of a Double System of Accounting

For example, if a business buys inventory with cash, the accounting entry would be to debit the cash account and credit the inventory account. If the business then sells that inventory to a customer for 100 using a credit card, the transaction is recorded by debiting the accounts receivable account and crediting the sales income account. When the customer pays off their credit card bill, the transaction would be recorded by debiting the cash account and crediting the accounts receivable account. These entries are made to track how much money a business has in cash, or how much it owes customers.

The terms debit and credit are used to describe the two aspects of a transaction.

  • On the left side, debit is written and on the right side, credit value is entered.
  • For every entry about a debit, there has to be an entry about a credit.
  • The debit basically is the receiver of the benefit, and the credit implies that it is the giver of the benefit.

The accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities (what you owe) + Owner’s Equity (what you own). The right-hand side and the left side of the equation should be equal

While all this may seem like one of those advanced accounting principles and concepts, you can rest assured that any time you spend learning it will be worth your while. See more.

Advantages of the Double System of Accounting:

Below are some of the benefits of the Double Accounting system:

Simple and Accurate

With a double-entry system, you can easily trace an error or mistake back to its source. Suppose you found that the current balance of your bank account differs from the balance on your bank statement; you can find out when the error occurred and what caused it by reviewing your check register. You can also keep track of all deposits, check payments, and other transactions made with the account.

Complete Financial Picture

A business whose transactions are huge should adopt a double-entry system of bookkeeping to bring out the complete financial picture. This type of complete financial picture cannot be obtained from a single-entry system of bookkeeping. Additionally, it also helps in preparing other reports.

Preferred by Government Bodies

It makes it easy for auditors or tax inspectors to examine books of account as all transactions are recorded in chronological order so that debits

Self-Balancing Feature

The double-entry system helps in balancing the accounts automatically. This is because two equal amounts are recorded for every transaction, one on the debit and one on the credit side.

Reduces Chances of Fraud

Double-entry accounting makes fraud difficult because it requires at least two entries for every transaction: one that records an increase in value for one party and another that records a decrease in value for an opposing party. For example, if an employee tries to embezzle money by writing himself a check without recording it. His efforts will be thwarted by the fact that he cannot register it on the other side of the ledger without someone else noticing.

Also Read: Top 5 Benefits of Xero Accounting Software for SMEs in Singapore

Double Entry Accounting System Format Explanation 


Here are the inputs required for a double-entry accounting system:

  • Number: The order of recording each transaction on the sheet in sequence. 
  • Date: Write the exact date of the transaction for which the balance is to be calculated.            
  • Details: Fill in the particulars or describe the transaction with a name. 
  • Credit: Write the amount received in the transaction.
  • Debit: Write the amount deducted from the transaction.
  • Balance: Subtract the aggregated number of debits from the aggregated number of credits for a given accounting period. 

This is the format that needs to be followed for the bookkeeping of the Double Accounting system. 

Frequently Asked Questions 

Ans: The single-entry records transactions one time, while the double-entry system records transactions as debit and credit. 

Ans: It is the book of original entries in which transactions are recorded.

Ans: It is a financial report of credit and debit entries used for internal audits in the double accounting system. 

John M. Flood

John is a crypto enthusiast, Fintech writer, and stock trader. His writings provide guides to perform your best in the crypto world and stock planet. He is a B-Tech graduate from Stanford University and also holds a certification in creative writing. John also has 5 years of experience in exploring and understanding better about the FinTech industry. Over time, he gained experience and expertise by implementing his customized strategies to play in the crypto market.

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