Ransomware is malicious software designed to disrupt the operations of your computer, steal access to your personal data and threaten to publish it until you pay a ransom. It typically enters through downloaded files from unsecured sources on the internet. Once it is on your computer, it encrypts your personal files. The attacker then demands payment in exchange for the key needed to decrypt your files.
There are various types of ransomware. However, they are mostly categorized into these three types:
- Low Risk- In this category, fake antivirus tools pretend to find malware on your device and ask for a fee to fix it.
- Medium Risk- This category usually locks your screen or window and claims to be from a legal entity and asks for money as a fine charge as they claim that some illegal activity has taken place on your device from your side.
- Dangerous- This category encrypts all the data of your system and directly demands the money to decrypt it back; otherwise, you will end up either losing the data, or they may spread or share it in public.
It is also spread through phishing emails or malicious websites. If you think you might be a victim of ransomware, disconnect your computer immediately from the internet to prevent the attacker from encrypting more of your files.
You must use a reliable antivirus program as a precaution to scan your computer for malware and remove any if found. Besides, you can use data recovery software to restore any encrypted files.
However, it is essential to note that there is no guarantee that it will work. If you have the backup of your files, you can use them to restore your computer to its pre-infected state.
Also, it is important to know and be aware of the fake ransomware removal and checker tools available in the market that may end up cheating you.
Five Ways to Remove Ransomware from Your Computer
Ransomware is malware that encrypts your files and requires a ransom to be paid to decrypt them. It is a severe threat to individuals and businesses, as it can result in losing essential and often sensitive data.
Here are five of the best ways to remove ransomware from your computer and deal with it!
Use an Anti-Malware Program
Anti-malware programs are designed to detect and remove malware from your computer. If you have an anti-malware program installed on your computer, you can run a scan to detect and remove any ransomware that may be present.
Use a Ransomware Removal Tool
Ransomware removal tools are specific programs designed to eliminate ransomware from a system. Most ransomware tools are available for free.
Restore Your Files from Backups
If you have backups of your files, you can restore your data after removing the ransomware. It is the most effective way to recover your files if you have been infected with ransomware.
Pay the Ransom
In some cases, paying the ransom is the only way to recover your files. However, this is not recommended, as it may encourage the attackers to target other victims. Also, there is no surety that you will get the decryption key after paying the ransom.
Raise Your Voice Against It
Although you have already faced the problem and suffered the loss, it is crucial to inform others about such issues to encourage awareness around you. You can also register a complaint against it to the cybercrime cell so that the hackers don’t do such shenanigans with others in the future.
How to Protect Yourself from Ransomware?
Ransomware is a growing problem, and the best way to protect yourself from ransomware is with a robust backup strategy.
This way, even if the files are encrypted, they can be restored from the backup. There are three ways to back up your data: local backups, cloud backups, and offline backups.
Local backups are stored on the external hard drive or SSD connected to a computer. Cloud backups are stored on a remote server, usually in the cloud.
Offline backups are stored on a separate device that is not always connected to your computer.
When choosing a backup method, it is essential to choose the one that meets your needs. For instance, if you have sensitive data that you want to keep private, an offline backup might be the best option.
Similarly, if convenience matters more to you, a cloud backup may be the better choice. No matter which backup method you choose, ensure that you test it regularly and if it works correctly.
Also, keep copies of the backup in different locations in case one of them gets corrupted. Although ransomware can be a devastating attack, if you have a good backup strategy in place, you can protect your data and restore it quickly.
Top Ransomware Removal and Checker Tools
Here are the five best ransomware removal and checker tools to protect your device:
Avast Premium Security
It is an all-in-one virus defense program for different gadgets like laptops, smartphones, and tablets. You won’t ever have to be concerned about making unsafe online purchases, visiting unexpected websites, or keeping enigmatic files on your device if you subscribe to this software. By warning you about potential hazards and eliminating them, it shields you from all of that.
Thor Premium Home
It is a great alternative that’ll help secure your computer. It is an all-in-one ransomware and antivirus suite that is known to detect and terminate even the most stubborn viruses and scams.
No More Ransom
In this tool, you would be required to upload the encrypted file (not larger than 1 MB), and the tool will advise if there is a solution available to decrypt the file.
It specifically helps you to identify if you are infected with LeChiffre, CryptoLocker ransomware. In the free version, you can scan your PC, and if found, you need to buy Spyhunter’s malware removal tool.
ID Ransomware helps you to check which ransomware has encrypted the data. All you are supposed to do is upload the sample encrypted file and note, which shows the name and payment information.
Ransomware is a severe threat to all kinds of businesses, irrespective of their size. The damage caused by ransomware can be difficult to undo, and it can result in an immense loss that might be arduous to recover. While knowing the best ways to remove ransomware if it breaches your system is essential, it is also crucial to have preventive measures in place to prevent ransomware in the first place.
With increasing cases of ransomware attacks, it is vital to spread awareness about preventive measures among people. It may help them from the torment of losing important data.
The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) is propagating a ransomware awareness campaign to reduce the Risk of Ransomware by providing information and resources for organizations and individuals. Also, CISA is accentuating nine smart cyber habits for individuals and organizations to implement to avoid being victims of ransomware.
At last, always keep your backup alternatives ready and make sure to use ransomware removal and checker tools to prevent the attack. If you still find yourself stranded in a ransomware attack, register an FIR against it which can be done on an online portal as well as offline.