Automation testing involves using automated testing tools to perform tests on software. It ensures the software is running as you expect and is free of bugs and errors.
With automation testing, you can also compare expected and actual results and generate detailed reports.
Unlike manual testing, automation testing doesn’t require input from a human being to actually run the tests. But automation testing still needs to be performed by individuals who have expertise in software development.
If you’re considering learning automation testing, here’s a look at what you need to do.
Learn Programming Skills
To effectively utilize automation testing, you need to possess programming skills. If you have no interest in coding, automation testing isn’t for you.
You need to have good programming knowledge. You also need to be proficient in manual testing.
There are various classroom-based and online courses in which you can learn coding and software development skills.
You should ensure you gain experience before you proceed with automation testing, so find a study course that suits you best. You could even take a recognized course to gain qualifications in software development and coding.
Also, you need to know various programming languages, such as Java, HTML, CSS, Python, SQL, and XML.
Find out more about getting started with automation tests by checking out this excellent automation testing guide.
Become Familiar with Automation Testing Software
The next step is to become familiar with automation testing tools. There are various free and paid tools available, all of which have different features and capabilities.
Even though the tools run tests automatically, you still need to know how to use automation testing tools and how to utilize them effectively.
With a background in manual programming and software development, it will be easier to get started with automation testing software.
Fully Comprehend the Software You’re Testing
While automation testing software can run tests by itself, you still need to understand every element of what the tool is testing for and what you need to do with the results.
You need to comprehend the software you’re testing inside out. That means knowing things like which programming languages have been used in the development of the software, which platform was used to build it, and which databases were involved.
You also need to know:
· What the testing objectives are.
· Whether there are any APIs connected to different parts of the system and how they’re connected.
· Whether there are unresolved bugs or existing issues in the software.
· What the expected functions and features are from the software you’re testing.
Learn Different Types of Tests
There are almost endless tests you can perform on software.
Start by learning the most common software automation tests. They include:
· Smoke tests, to check that the build is stable and all essential features are working as expected.
· Unit tests, to check that individual units are performing as expected.
· Integration tests, to check that all of the different modules integrate well.
· Functional tests, to check all of the functions are performing as planned.
· Regression tests, to check no functionality has been affected after you make changes to the software.
Even once you have learned all about automation testing and software development, you need to ensure you keep up-to-date with the latest software testing and automation trends.
The industry is fast-moving, so it’s important to make sure you’re aware of all the new tools, tips, strategies, and methods for automating software testing. Make learning a continual process.