Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical technique that involves implanting an electrode into a particular area of the brain to treat chronic pain and movement disorders caused by neurological disease. Dystonia, critical tremor, and Parkinson’s disease are the most common conditions treated with DBS. DBS has the power to eliminate repetitive movements, enhance debilitating gait and slowness of movement, and reduce drug doses in patients with Parkinson’s disease. DBS is also reversible, unlike ablative treatment for Parkinson’s disease, which leaves a permanent lesion in the brain in the hopes of alleviating extreme symptoms since the electrode can be removed.
The electrode implanted in the brain is connected to a neurostimulator inserted under the skin, normally near the collarbone or in the abdomen, by a lead cable. The electrode receives electrical signals from the neurostimulator.
The neuronal impulses that trigger pain or disordered movement are disrupted by these signals. Surgeons use three-dimensional target coordinates obtained with techniques like magnetic resonance imaging or computerized axial tomography to precisely position the electrode in the brain.
How Does it Work?
Although the exact mechanism of DBS is unknown, many experts agree it controls irregular electrical signaling patterns in the brain. Brain cells use electrical signals to interact with one another to regulate normal activity and other functions. These signals become irregular and uncoordinated in Parkinson’s disease, resulting in motor symptoms. DBS can disrupt abnormal signaling patterns, allowing cells to communicate more effectively and reducing symptoms.
Top Destination for Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery
Many of the big neurosurgery hospitals provide deep brain stimulation. The positioning of electrodes within particular areas of the brain that cause symptoms associated with the motor disorder is a highly sensitive and important procedure. This is why this operation can only be performed by a professional and qualified surgeon. India is renowned for having a large number of highly trained brain surgeons who have received their education at some of the world’s best medical schools. Deep Brain stimulation treatment in India is very affordable as compared to other countries.
Life After Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery
- In the hospital – Complications, such as seizures, will be monitored. The average hospital stay following a DBS procedure is 24 hours; however, if complications arise, the patient needs to stay longer. A follow-up appointment with their healthcare provider will be scheduled until the patient is released from the hospital. He or she will also provide the patient with home care instructions.
- At home – It’s important to keep the incisions clean and dry until the patient gets home. Bathing instructions will be sent to the patient by the healthcare provider. Stitches would be removed during a follow-up office visit if they were used. If adhesive strips are used, they must be kept dry and will usually come off after a few days.
Long Term Effects
Tremors, stiffness, slowness, and movement disorders can all be helped with DBS. It may also assist with medication therapy by lowering the necessary dose. The side effects of long-term medicine use can be alleviated by lowering the dosage. Many people report that their symptoms have improved for several years after the treatment. They are capable of performing simple tasks such as sleeping, toileting, and dressing. Memory and mood can be affected or maybe not. Since several neurological disorders are progressive, complications can arise later. If these problems arise, the benefits gained from DBS can be lost.
Benefits and Risk of Deep Brain Stimulation
- Dbs is reversible, which means it can be used for different surgical procedures in the future. If it is having unusual side effects, it can be switched off at any time.
- Deep brain stimulation systems are made in such a way that an MRI head scanning can be done without risk.
- Anesthesia reactions to the patient
- Trouble in concentrating
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