DNA testing or genetic testing is basically a type of medical test that helps you determine changes in your genes, proteins, or chromosomes.
This genetic test can is quite popular nowadays, and it can even be done easily in the comfort of your own home using a home DNA test kit at an affordable price.
These DNA tests can not only confirm ancestry but can also include health reports that can help you know if you can develop any genetic diseases.
These tests are done on a sample of hair, amniotic fluid, blood, or other body tissues.
The results of any DNA test can rule out or confirm a suspect’s genetic condition or help him identify a chance of developing or passing on any genetic disorder as well.
An ancestry DNA test can help you determine your potential DNA matches as well, but only a DNA paternity test can prove who is the actual father according to your genetic match.
In other words, if you want to know more about your DNA and genetics, then you can use DNA testing kits to end your curiosity.
How DNA Kits Work?
Every DNA kit works in the same manner as you have to collect a sample, register it and send the kit back, and voila, just wait for the results to come.
The home DNA test kits have one of the most straightforward DNA extraction procedures that involve swabbing each of your cheeks with cotton swabs twice.
After that, you have placed those swabs into the envelope that comes with the envelope that comes with the kit to send it out for results.
One of the primary things to consider in this testing process is to register your kit before it ships for delivery.
This is required to protect your privacy and get access to your genetic results. You can also sign up for an account along with these services.
The results of the DNA test may take several days or even weeks in some cases to find out the accurate outcomes.
Methods For DNA Testing
Several methods can be used for DNA testing that is given below:
Molecular DNA testing is also known as genetic testing, is a process of studying single genes or short lengths of DNA to determine mutations or variations that generally lead to a genetic disorder.
Biochemical testing is a process of studying a certain activity level or amount of proteins as well as abnormalities in either case. This test can help indicate any kind of changes in DNA that might result in a genetic disorder.
This type of DNA testing is used to help analyze long lengths of DNA or whole chromosomes to check if there are any huge genetic changes in the system, such as an extra copy of chromosomes, that can cause a certain genetic condition.
One thing to remember is that DNA testing is a completely voluntary action and depends on a person’s decision entirely.
This testing has a number of advantages, it also has some risks and limitations, and in the end, the decision of taking this test is a complex one but still personal.
Before an individual has a DNA test, it is essential that that person understands the testing process, all its limitations, consequences, and benefits as well.
You can also get help in making a final decision from a genetic counselor or a geneticist. He can provide you with a piece of proper information about the pros and cons of the test and discuss the emotional as well as social aspects of this kind of testing.